- How did historical events influence the ideas in the novel? What cultural issues may have influenced, challenged, or inspired the author?
History shapes everything. It determines what a book is about and what it is for. For example, a book made in 1960 or 1970 might talk about the space race due to the fact that it was a large and usually discussed topic. In this case, Anthem discusses government and its roles due to the fact that Russia at that time was communist. The author Ayn Rand displays totalitarianism and communism through the eyes of a citizen living in a dystopian society where equality among people is such a key part to the government that even if you are smarter than someone you get punished.
You can see Rand's home country played a role in this book due to the fact that Russia was communist, and the book displays high levels of dystopian communism (Wikipedia, Rand) . A reader can see disagreement towards these forms of government because of the authors use of anachronism to use the candle as if it were invented during the time of communism when these two discoveries are as far apart as 2,000 years (Wikipedia, technology timeline). This shows that this form of government only slows down technology and human advancement. This was influenced upon due to the fact that Rand disagreed on communism and became to form her on liking of government after she was one of the first women that attended college in Russia. In conclusion, one can notice government of Soviet Russia influenced and challenged Rand to exhibit the form of government in her book.