Anthem was written in 1937 by Ayn Rand. She was born in february 2nd in 1905. She was born a Russian - American and became a novelist, philosopher, playwright, and screenwriter. She supported rational and ethical egoism, and rejected altruism. This meant that Ayn Rand did not have the desire to help others. This plays a huge roll in her making of the book Anthem.
Source 1: http://www.atlassociety.org/virtue-selfishness
Source 2: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthem_(novella)