Parts 3 & 4
What is the cultural and educational background of the author and how did this background influence the book? In what ways do the events in the book reveal evidence of the author’s world view?
Rand was born in Saint Petersburg, Russia in 1905. "When she was twelve, the Bolshevik Revolution occurred and the Communist Era was ushered into existence" (Book Caps). Her family then fell into extreme poverty, and they lost their business. Rand completed high school outside of Russia, to avoid the Civil War. But she returned to attend college only. Rand then moved to Chicago in 1926 so she would not have to live under the reign of Joseph Stalin. "Shortly after, she moved to Hollywood to pursue a career as a screenwriter, was married, and began to write fiction. Anthem was published in the United States in 1946, nine years after its publication in Great Britain" (Book Caps). The novel Anthem is a political manifesto for Rand, and is quite popular in the dystopian literature. This novel, is "Rand's idea of what would happen to a society if it embraced collectivism and mirrors the reign of Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union. Rand rejects the idea of group conformity and organized religion band instead embraces the idea of self-determination" (Book Caps).
Rand wanted to make it "...obvious to all the people that the world is headed toward a complete disintegration of the kind she portrays in Anthem" (Spark Notes). In the book, Equality 7-2521 is a part of a society which is controlled and concentrated on the concept of "we". Hence wise, the book is written in first person plural point of view. The only point of the society in which Equality 7-2521 is a member of, is to be united and equal with everyone else. "It is not good to be different from our brothers, but it is evil to be superior to them" (Rand 4).