Part 5 & 6
It feels like this book could potentially represent the Middle Ages. This story takes place after the Unmentionable Times and Equality 7-2521 finds a tunnel with materials from those times. The Unmentionable Times could be the Greek and Roman Eras and the story could be during the Middle Ages. What Equality 7-2521 found and what he hopes to start is the Renaissance Era. The only thing he lacks is power. In the Middle Ages, trade and commerce help people become wealthier which gave them power. In this dystopia, there's not enough freedom that there's no such thing as a currency. In return to your work to the city, you are rewarded with necessary needs to survival: food, shelter, and etc.
Power is essential in both the Middle Ages and the dystopia portrayed in the book; power is was brought the "re-birth" and it is what started the Renaissance Era, power is why the people obey the Council of Scholars.
Discipline is the difference between the Council of Scholars and the Roman Catholic Church. It is one thing that the dystopia and the Middle Ages could be doing differently; one is stricter than the other.